It started with turmeric. An essential ingredient of most Indian
curries, the spice was paid tribute by Marco Polo. He __1__ it
favorably to saffron, and noted its importance in traditional
medicines. Indeed, Indian doctors have long reached for the knobby
yellow root to __2__ a variety of ailments from skin disease to
stomachache and infection. So when two US-based researchers
were __3__ a patent in 1995 on turmeric’s special wound-healing
properties, a collective howl of outrage arose from the subcontinent.
“Housewives have been using turmeric for centuries,” says V.K.
Gupta, director of India’s National Institute of Science
Communication and Information Resources in New Delhi. “It’s
outrageous that someone would try and patent it.” The patent was
eventually revoked, __4__ a decade-long battle in which the Indian
government and private sector spent millions of dollars on research
and legal matters to prove that turmeric’s qualities were well
documented in ancient medical textbooks.
( ) 1. (A) compared (B) compressed (C) combined (D) complied
( ) 2. (A) collect (B) detect (C) specify (D) treat
( ) 3. (A) acknowledged (B) awarded (C) donated (D) delivered
( ) 4. (A) after (B) with (C) for (D) in