What has the telephone done to us, or for us, in the hundred
years of its existence? A few effects suggest themselves at once. It
has saved lives by getting rapid word of illness, injury, or famine from
remote places. By joining with the elevator to make possible the
multistory residence or office building, it has made possible, for
better or worse, the modern city. By bringing about a quantum leap in
the speed and ease with which information moves from place to
place, it has greatly accelerated the rate of scientific and
technological change and growth in industry. Beyond doubt, it has
crippled if not killed the ancient art of letter writing. It has made living
alone possible for persons with normal social impulses; by so doing,
it has played a role in one of the greatest social changes in family
structures. It has made the waging of war chillingly more efficient
than formerly. Perhaps (though not provably) it has prevented wars
that might have arisen out of international misunderstanding caused
by written communication. Or perhaps, again not provably, by
magnifying and extending irrational personal conflicts based on voice
contact, it has caused wars. Certainly it has extended the scope of
human conflicts, since it impartially disseminates the useful
knowledge of scientists and the babble of bores, the affection of the
affectionate and the malice of the malicious.
( ) 1. The passage is mainly about _____.
(A) the arguments against using the telephone technology in modern society
(B) the advancement of the telephone technology
(C) the effects of the telephone technology on human beings
(D) the comparison between using and not using the telephone technology
( ) 2. According to the passage, the modern city was made possible partly because _____.
(A) people living in tall buildings are able to communicate with each other by telephone
(B) information in residence and business areas travels faster by the telephone technology
(C) writing letters has become a lost art among those who totally depend upon telephones
(D) the number of people who own telephones and live alone increases greatly and rapidly
( ) 3. According to the article, which of the following statements is true?
(A) The rate of industry growth has nothing to do with the telephone technology.
(B) Irrational personal conflicts have been solved because of the invention of telephone.
(C) The elevator has brought about a quantum leap in speed.
(D) Telephone technology cannot prevent wars.
( ) 4. The meaning of the word “disseminate” in the last sentence is closest to _____.
(A) communicate (B) spread (C) listen (D) tell